Warping Automobile Disk Brake Rotors Are Preventable

In the aircraft and aerospace industry, the standards required for various components, parts, and specifications are considerably higher. Everything built for the aircraft and aerospace industry is light and strong. It is the “AND” part of that sentence that makes the parts expensive, not the “light” part. Automobile manufacturers today who build high-performance and sophisticated vehicles understand the “light” part, but not necessarily the “strong” part. But what they do understand is how much force can be applied to these parts before they succumb to failure.

Today’s brake rotors (or disk brake system) are built very light with advances in technology such as slotting, cross-drilling, cryo-treating and many other advances to allow the brakes to breathe better and last longer. However despite all this technology that goes into the rotors, they are still not strong enough to withstand a mechanic’s error. How often have you had a car pulsate when applying the brakes? The reason this happens is because the lug nuts on your wheels were not torqued down to specifications set out by the manufacturer. Every mechanic shop you walk into, you can always hear the distinctive sound of the air wrench being used to loosen and tighten parts and lug nuts. These air tools are capable of putting out an immense amount of torque, but that is where the problem starts. The torque setting on these air wrenches are preset to a single setting (usually the strongest), never changed, but used to tighten down everything on your car. BAD!

Today’s modern vehicles are built almost like airplanes and have very acute specifications that must be followed. The most commonly made mistake by mechanics and car owners are to over-tighten the lug nuts on the wheels of their cars. Some even go as far as jumping on the tire wrench to ensure that the lug nuts are “tight” and that the wheels will not “fall off” while driving. However, over tightening your lugs will lead to premature failure of your brake rotors as seen by warping or deformations in the rotor. It may also lead to wheel bolts “snapping” when over-tightening the wheels stretches and weakens the bolt.

It is therefore important to ensure that your lug nuts are tightened to the appropriate specifications and to do that, there are several things you can do. For most vehicles, the lug nuts need to be tightened down to 70-100 ft-lbs using a good quality torque wrench. However, you do not need a torque wrench to tighten your lug nuts correctly.

The approach I have always taken is to tighten the nuts as tightly as can be done with your fingers first. Then taking a tire wrench, tighten the nut without apply much effort until you feel some resistance. Then simply (without jumping on the tire wrench), put your body weight on the wrench until it stops turning. You do not need to jerk your body to ensure that there is more room to tighten. In general, if you follow this practice, you will put about 80-90 ft-lbs of torque onto the lug. Do this consistently for all your wheels to ensure that your brake rotors have maximum life. However, for best results, I still recommend acquiring a quality 1/2″ drive torque wrench, my favorite being the Neiko Pro line that I use religiously for every mechanical work conceivable.

It is a worthwhile investment and they typically range in price from $20-40, which is cheaper than a single brake rotor for your car. The brakes and wheels are the most important components of your car and therefore, requires the most care and attention. Go check your lug nuts today.

How Closing Accounts Can Kill Your Credit Score

One of the major factors of how your credit score is calculated is your capacity. This is the ratio of credit used to the amount of credit that is available. This accounts for 30 percent (almost a third!) of your credit score. For example if you have 5 credit cards with a $1000 limit and you have 3 of them maxed out and 2 of them inactive your capacity would be at 60 percent, $3000 of your $5000 total credit limit. This is not good in the eyes of the lenders and your credit score would suffer because its ideal to be at 10 percent of your capacity.

Remember a credit score is a formula measuring your ability to pay back your debts and obligations. If you have a high capacity and little room left for your maximum then your ability to pay back your obligations is viewed as more limited.

So in the example above, lets say you decide to close the 2 inactive cards for whatever reason. Nowadays, the credit card companies will charge a fee to inactive cards so a lot of people are now closing their inactive accounts. Well unfortunately, they are killing their credit score. If you are maxed out on three cards and you close the other 2, guess what, you are now at 100 percent capacity because your total credit limit is now $3000 instead of $5000. I know from personal experience this will cause your credit score to plummet.

My advice? Don’t close your inactive cards. Use them once a month, maybe for gas, or treat yourself to a latte from Starbucks. Then pay them off immediately so you don’t incur any interest. Do what you can to pay off the cards that are maxed out, or at least get them down to where your balance is under 10 percent of the limit. If you can, try to transfer the balance to a lower interest card, so it can save you a few bucks on the interest. This strategy is sure to improve your credit score because capacity is a major factor, and if your capacity improves, your score improves.

Asking your bank for a credit limit increase on some of your cards isn’t suggested nowadays, this is a strategy that old credit repair people recommended but in today’s economy with the credit crunch, it prompts an account review, which for some quirky reason, may cause the banks to LOWER your credit limit. This would damage your capacity as well.

You are already disciplined enough to not spend on two cards. You are unique in today’s credit crunch world, use your discipline to your advantage, don’t close your accounts. You will be doing more harm to your credit score than good.

Things to Look for When Choosing a Motorcycle Repair School

A passion for motorcycles is a basic requirement for being a successful motorcycle mechanic. In fact, most motorcycle mechanics started their career simply as a hobby. They were motorcycle lovers who were toying with their bikes to make them run more smoothly until they realized that they could earn money doing something they enjoy. Some of them work in repair shops equipped with their own personal experience in motorcycle repair while others further their knowledge and skills by enrolling in a motorcycle repair school. Being a motorcycle mechanic is meticulous work and it can be tough knowing that a rider’s life depends very much on one’s skills.

When equipment breaks down, a mechanic is responsible for diagnosing the source, nature, and extent of the problem. A highly skilled mechanic is able to diagnose mechanical, electrical, and fuel problems and to troubleshoot quickly. To be able to quickly and accurately diagnose problems is a mark of an expert mechanic and this is also an exhibition of their great problem solving ability, as well as their comprehensive knowledge on how the equipment operates.

A mechanic’s job also includes minor tuning or replacement of a single part of the motorcycle. They may also be asked to perform complete engine overhaul, although this job could take many hours as they need to take down the engine and replace defective valves, bearings pistons, and other interior parts. Those who are highly skilled utilize specialized machineries and the most advanced computerized equipment to adjust and tune motorcycles, especially those that are used for racing.

To qualify for a trainee mechanic position, some employers prefer applicants with a high school diploma or the equivalent, but there are also some who accept those with less education as long as they exhibit satisfactory reading, writing, and math abilities. However, due to the growing complexity of motorcycles, those with a diploma or a certificate from a formal training program in motorcycle repair have more employment opportunities. This is why enrolling in a trade school or institute to be a certified motorcycle mechanic could be a wise decision.

Would-be motorcycle technicians can either opt for a technician diploma or an associate degree in applied science or mechanics. By attending a trade school, a student will receive the needed job training and basic credentials to be a motorcycle mechanic. After completing this program, he will be certified as a trained technician in this field.

Meanwhile, the associate degree is designed for mechanics to earn the educational qualifications that match the needs of their profession. The program can be completed within one or two years. Courses taught in an associate degree include math, basic management, human relations, infrastructure and resources, and hands-on experiences such as disassembling, assembling and overhauling of motorcycle equipment. Online courses are available for those who can’t manage to attend an on-campus program.

Because there are many schools that offer motorcycle repair classes, it is important that prospective students choose a school that can develop their full potential and ensure their success in the field. There are many qualities that mark a good training facility.

First and foremost, a good motorcycle repair school should provide their students plenty of hands-on training. When students use their own hands repairing motorcycles, they learn a lot easier. Next to hands-on training, students should also ensure that the motorcycle school offers the most advanced repair classes. It is essential that students get trained on fixing modern motorcycle engines.

Essential core classes should include motorcycle suspension systems, four stroke engines, two stroke engines, brake systems, motorcycle electrical systems, fundamentals of electricity, and motorcycle fuel systems. The school should also have highly qualified instructors. The best motorcycle repair instructors are those with many years of experience in the field. Students should ensure that they attend a motorcycle school with excellent instructors.

Finally, a motorcycle repair school should provide help to their graduates to get a job in the field. This will ensure students that they will not only be trained properly, but that they will also have a good start in their career.

Nokia E65 – A Stylish Way To Work

Nokia's E series mobile phones have always been dubbed as enterprise solutions aimed at business users and professionals. Therefore, more than its designing aspects or its positioning, the company has embarked on the handset's functionality. As report has it, Microsoft Office documents editing software kit embedded in Eseries features notably better than Microsoft's very own applications for Windows Mobile. The Nokia E65 – a member of this family of business phone brings in the much needed style quotient to the other serious looking E series mobile phones.

The Nokia E65 is a slider that belongs to the 'slim is in' category, being one of Nokia's smallest sliders. This S60 platform based, Symbian OS v9.1 operated smartphone is available in flsy red and a more sober mocca solution. A large, TFT based QVGA display dominate the front fascia of this slider. The screen is capable of producing an astounding 16 million different hues across 240×320 pixels. Silver shaded keypads enhances the appeal further. A set of spaced out numeric keys and a 5D navigational button makes it very easy to use the Nokia E65 .

The handset's face lift has no way affected the level of functionality that an E series mobile phone is expected to exhibit. The Nokia E65 is loaded with all possible tools and technologies to aid businessmen and professionals, optimize their capabilities. From the most 'basic' feature like integrated hands free to high end connectivity options like WiFi and VoIP over WLAN find their place in the feature list. The Nokia E65 boasts of a full fledged Office Application and an already enhanced PIM that includes calender, to do list and printing. Its Push to Talk feature allows its user to use the mobile phone just like a walkie talkie over a cellular network.

The handset's almost unending feature list includes 3G, GPRS, EDGE, Bluetooth, Infrared, USB, a 2.0 megapixel camera and a Symbian media player.